**1: Physical Worlds and Measurements**

z Physics Scope and Excitement

z Nature of Physical Laws

z Physics, Technology and Society

z Need of Measurement

z Units of Measurement Fundamental and Derived Units

z Systems of Units, SI Units

z Measurement of Mass, Length and Time

z Multiples and Submultiples of Units

z Accuracy of Measuring Instrument

z Errors in Measurement

z Significant Figures

z Dimensions of Physical Quantities

z Dimensional Formula and Dimensional Equations

z Applications of Dimensions

z Vectors and Scalars

z Graphical Representation of Vectors

z Addition and Subtraction of Vectors

z Resolution of Vectors

z Unit Vector

z Scalar and Vector Products

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**2: Motion in a Straight line**

z Position, Distance and Displacement:

z Position and Displacement Vectors

z Speed, Velocity and Acceleration

z Average and Instantaneous Velocity: Elementary

z Concepts of Differentiation and Integration

z Relative Motion

z Position – Time and Velocity – Time Graphs

z Uniform and Uniformly Accelerated Motion

z Equations of Motion with Constant Acceleration Including Motion under Gravity

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**3: Newton’s Laws of motion**

z Concept of Force and Inertia

z First Law of Motion

z Concepts of Momentum

z Second Law of Motion

z Third Law of Motion

z Impulse

z Conservation of Linear Momentum and its Applications

z Equilibrium of Concurrent Forces

z Friction – Static and Kinetic, Factors Affecting Friction – Sliding and Rolling

z Free Body Diagram Technique

z Elementary Idea of Frame of Reference - Inertial and Non-Inertial

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**4: Motion in a Plane**

z Projectile Motion (Time of Flight, Range and Maximum Height)

z Trajectory of a Projectile

z Uniform Circular Motion

z Centripetal Acceleration

z Circular Motion in Daily Life (Motion on Banked and Unbanked Roads)

z Motion in Vertical Circle

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**5: Gravitation**

z Universal Law of Gravitation

z Acceleration Due to Gravity and its Variation with Height, Depth and Latitude (Only Formula), Value of g at Moon

z Kepler’s Laws of Planetary Motion

z Motion of Planets, Orbital and Escape Velocity

z Satellites – Geostationary and Polar

z Gravitational Potential and Potential Energy

z Achievements of India in the Field of Space Exploration

z Applications of satellite

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**6: Work, Energy and Power**

z Work done by a Constant Force

z Work done by a Varying Force

z Work-Energy Theorem

z Conservative and Non-Conservative Forces

z Mechanical Energy (Kinetic and Potential Energies) with examples

z Conservation of Energy (Spring Pendulum etc.)

z Elastic and Inelastic Collisions (One and Two Dimension)

z Power and its Units

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**7: Motion of a System of Particles and Rigid Body**

z Rigid Body Motion, Center of Mass, Couple and Torque

z Moment of Inertia, Radius of Gyration and its Significance

z Parallel and Perpendicular Axes Theorems and Their Uses in Simple Cases (no derivation)

z Equilibrium of a Rotating Body

z Equations of Motion for a Uniformly Rotating Rigid Body (no derivation)

z Angular Momentum and Law of Conservation of Angular Momentum with Simple Applications

z Simultaneous Rotational and Transnational Motions with Examples

z Rotational Energy

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**8: Elastic Properties of Solids**

z Elastic Behaviour and Hooke’s Law, Stress – Strain Curve

z Intermolecular Forces

z Young’s Modulous, Bulk Modulous, Modulous of Rigidity and Compressibility

z Poisson’s Ratio

z Some Applications of Elastic Behavior of solid like Cantilever, Girder etc.

z Elastic Energy

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**9: Properties of Fluids**

z Hydrostatic Pressure and Buoyancy

z Pascal’s Law and its Applications

z Forces of Cohesion and Adhesion

z Surface Tension and Surface Energy

z Angle of Contact and Capillary Action

z Application of Surface Tension, Drops, Bubbles and Detergents

z Types of Fluid Flow

z Reynold’s Number

z Viscosity and Stoke’s Law

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**10: Kinetic Theory of Gases**

z Thermal Energy

z Heat, Temperature, Thermal Expansion of Solids, Liquids and Gases

z Caloriemetery, Anomalous Expansion and its Effects

z Kinetic Theory of Gases

z Deduction of the Relation

z Ideal Gas Laws and Gas Equation of State

z K.E. and Temperature Relationship

z Degree of freedom and Law of Equipartition of Energy

z Specific Heats of Gases & Relationship Between Cp & Cv

z Concept of Mean Free Path and Avogadro’s Number

z Terminal Velocity

z Bernoulli’s Theorem (no derivation) and its Applications

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**11: Thermodynamics**

z Thermal Equilibrium - Zeroth Law of Thermo Dynamics and Concept of Temperature

z Thermodynamic Variables and Thermodynamic Equilibrium

z Thermodynamic Processes : Isothermal, Adiabatic, Reversible, Irreversible and Cyclic Process

z Heat, Work and Internal Energy: First Law of Thermodynamics

z Phase Change, Phase Diagram, Latent Heat and Triple Point

z Carnot’s Cycle and its Efficiency - Second Law of Thermodynamics

z Heat Engine and Refrigerator

z Limitations of Carnot’s engine

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**12: Heat Transfer and Solar Energy**

z Modes of Transfer of Heat – Conduction, Convection and Radiation

z Black Body Radiation: Kirchhoff’s Law, Absorptive and Emissive Powers, Wein’s

Displacement Law, Stefan’s Law

z Solar Energy

z Solar Constant, Green House Effect

z Newton’s Law of Cooling

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**13: Simple Harmonic Motion**

z Periodic Motion – Amplitude, Period, Frequency and Phase

z Reference Circle and Equation of SHM

z Displacement as a Function of Time - Periodic Function

z Examples of Spring Mass System and Simple Pendulum

z Energy in SHM – Kinetic and Potential

z Damped Oscillations (no derivation)

z Forced Oscillations and Resonance (no derivation)

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**14: Wave Phenomena**

z Formation and Propagation of Waves 1. Sound and Waves

z Wavelength, Frequency, Speed and Their Relationship, Amplitude of Wave and Wave Equation

z Longitudinal and Transverse Waves

z Equation for a Simple Harmonic Wave

z Wave Motion in a Medium and Formula for its Speed

z Factors Affecting Velocity of Sound in a Gas

z Superposition of Waves – Interference of Waves

z Reflection and Transmission of Waves

z Standing Waves and Beats (only qualitative treatment with equation)

z Characteristics of Musical Sound (Overtones and Harmonics)

z Threshold of Hearing, Intensity of Sound and Noise Pollution

z Electromagnetic Waves and Their Properties

z EM – Waves Spectra

z Doppler Effect and its Application (qualitative only)

z Constancy of Speed of Light

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**15: Electric Charge and Electric Field**

z Frictional Electricity – Electric Charges 1. Electromagnetism Part-1 and Their Conservation 1. Electromagnetism Part-2

z Coulomb’s Law 3. Electrostatics and its application

z Superposition Principle Part-1

z Electric Field and Field Intensity due to a Point Charge (through diagram)

z Force on a Charged Particle in an Electric Field

z Electric Field of a Dipole in Uniform Electric Field

z Electric Flux and Gauss Theorem in Electrostatics (no derivation)

z Application of Gauss’s Theorem to find Electric Field due to a Point Charge, Uniformely Charged Thin Spherical Cell (Field Inside and Outside), Long Wire and Infinite Plane Object

z Van de Graff Generator

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**16: Electric Potential and Capacitors**

z Electric Potential due to a Point Charge

z Electric Potential at a Point due to a Dipole (axial and equatorial)

z Electric Potential Energy of a System of Point Charges

z Relation between Electric Field and Potential – Equipotent Surface

z Conductors and Electric Field inside a Conductor

z Electrostatic Shielding

z Capacitors and Capacitance of a Parallel Plate Capacitor

z Different type of Capacitors and their Applications

z Capacitors in Series and Parallel Combinations

z Energy stored in a Capacitor

z Dielectrics and their Polarization

z Effects of Dialectics on Capacitance

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**17: Electric Current**

z Electric Current in a Conductor

z Concept of Drift Velocity of Electrons

z Ohm’s Law, Ohmic and Non – Ohmic Resistances

z Colour Coding of Resistors

z Free and Bound Electrons

z Combination of Resistances (Series and Parallel)

z Kirchhoff’s Laws and Their Application to Electrical Circuits

z Wheatstone Bridge Principle and its Application

z Electromotive Force and Potential Difference

z Elementary Idea of Primary and Secondary Cells

z Potentiometer and its Applications

z Heating Effect of Electric Current – Joule’s Law of Heating

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**18: Magnetism and Magnetic Effect of Electric Current**

z Bar Magnet and its Magnetic Field

z Magnetic Effect of Electric Current

z Bio – Savart’s Law and its Application to Find Magnetic Field at the Center of a Coil Carrying Current (qualitative treatment)

z Ampere’s Circuital Law and its Application to Finding Magnetic Field of a Long Straight Wire, Circular Loop (at the Center), Straight and Toroidal Solenoids

z Concept of Displacement Current

z Force on a Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field; Lorentz Force

z Force on a Moving Charge in Uniform Magnetic and Electric Fields Cyclotron

z Force on a Current Carrying Wire in a Uniform Magnetic Field

z Current Loop as a Magnetic Dipole and its Magnetic Moments

z Magnetic Dipole Moment of Revolving Electron

z Magnetic field Intensity due to a Magnetic Dipole (Bar Magnet) and its Axis and Perpendicular to its Axis

z Torque on a Magnetic Dipole (Bar Magnet) in a Uniform Magnetic Field

z Current Loop as a Magnetic Dipole and its Magnetic Moments

z Moving Coil Galvanometer and its Conversion into Ammeter and Voltmeter

z Earth’ Magnetic Field

z Ferro Magnetic Materials – Domain Theory (qualitative only)

z Electromagnets and Factors Affecting their strength

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**19: Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current**

z Faraday’s Law of Electro – Magnetic Induction

z Lenz’s Law, Eddy Currents

z Self and Mutual Induction – Choke Coil

z Alternating Current and Voltage Illustrating with Phase Diagram – Peak and rms Values

z Circuits Containing only R, L or C Separately – Phase Relationship between I & V

z LCR Series Combination (Using Phaser Diagram only) and Resonance

z Generators – AC and DC

z Transformers and Their Applications

z Transmission of Electric Power

z Problem of Low voltage and Load Shedding (Concepts of Stabilizer and Inverters)

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**20: Reflection and Refraction of Light**

z Reflection of Light from Spherical Mirrors, 1. Wave Optics and its application Sign Convention and Mirror Formulae Part-1

z Refraction of Light, Snell’s Law of Refraction 1. Wave Optics and its application

z Total Internal Reflection (TIR) and its Part-1 Applications in Fibre Optics 3. Introduction to Ray Optics and

z Refraction Through Single Curved Surface its applications and Lenses

z Lens Maker’s Formula and Magnification

z Newton’s Relation

z Displacement Method to Find Position of Images (Conjugate Points)

z Power of a Lens

z Combination of Lenses, Combination of a Lens and a Mirror

z Defects of Vision and Their Correction (Myopia and Hypermetropia)

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**21: Dispersion and Scattering of light**

z Dispersion of Light, Angle of Deviation

z Rainbow and its Formation

z Defects of Image Formation–Spherical and Chromatic Aberration (qualitative only)

z Scattering of Light in Atmosphere

z Elementary Idea of Raman Effect

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**22: Wave Phenomena and Light**

z Huygen’s Wave Theory and Wave Propagation

z Interference–Young’s double Slit Experiment

z Diffraction of Light at a Single Slit (qualitative)

z Polarization-Brewster’s Law and its Application in Daily Life

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**23: Optical Instruments**

z Simple and Compound Microscopes and their Magnifying Power

z Telescopes – Reflecting and Refracting

z Resolving Power and Rayleigh’s Criterion

z Applications in Astronomy

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**24: Structure of Atom**

z Alpha-Particle Scattering and Rutherford’s Atomic Model

z Bohr’s Model of Hydrogen Atom and Energy Levels

z Hydrogen Spectrum

z Emission and Absorption Spectra

z Continuous and Characteristic X-Rays

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**25: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter**

z Work Function and emission of Electrons

z Photoelectric Effect and its Explanation

z Photo Electric Tube and its Applications

z Matter Waves - Davisson and Germer Experiment

z Electron Microscope (non evaluative box)

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**26: Nuclei and Radioactivity**

z Atomic Mass Unit, mass Number, Size of Nucleus

z Isotopes and Isobars

z Nuclear Forces, Mass - Energy Equivalence

z Mass Defect and Binding - Energy Curve

z Radioactivity - Alpha, Beta Decay and Gamma Emission

z Half Life and Decay Constant of Nuclei

z Applications of Radioactivity

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**27: Nuclear Fission and Fusion**

z Nuclear Reactions

z Nuclear Fission and Chain Reaction

z Nuclear – Fusion - Energy in Stars

z Misuses of Nuclear Energy - Atom Bomb and Hydrogen Bomb (non evaluative in a box)

z Peaceful uses of Nuclear Energy (including latest trends)

z Hazards of Nuclear Radiation and Safety measures

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**28: Semiconductors**

z Energy Bands in Solids

z Intrinsic and Extrinsic Semiconductors

z p-n Junction - its Formation and Properties

z Biasing of p-n Junction Diode

z Types of Diodes-Zanier Diode, LED, Photo Diode and Solar Cell

z I-V characteristics of Zanier Diode, LED, Photo Diode and Solar Cell

z Transistors - pnp and npn

z Characteristic Curves of a Transistor

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**29: Applications of Semiconductor Devices**

z pn - junction Diode as a Rectifier

z Zener Diode as a Voltage Regulator

z Transistor as an Amplifier (Common Emitter)

z Transistor as an Oscillator

z Transistor as a Switching Device

z Logic gates and their Realization (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, NOR)

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**30: Communication System**

z Model Communication System

z Elements of a Communication System

z Types of Signals- Analogue and Digital

z Electromagnetic Waves in Communication

z Guided Media (transmission lines and optical fibre)

z Unguided Media and Antennae – ground wave Communication, sky wave communication, space wave communication and satellite communication

z Modulation – Analogue AM and FM, digital (PCM)

z Demodulation

z Communication Applications

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